Covid-19: What is meant a hotspot? What can and can’t be done in a hotspot?
Earlier The Uttar Pradesh and Delhi government have been sealed various districts to identify Covid-19 hotspot areas to curb the spread of virus. Curfew-like measures will be implemented in these hotspot areas while normal lockdown measures will be in place in other areas.
How do you explain a coronavirus hotspot?
Hotspot, A coronavirus hotspot is an area in a district where six or more people have been tested positive of Corona virus infection. The area is marked based on probability of high degree of spread and people’s response to the call for home stay.
Here, The people would not be allowed to enter or exit from the hotspot area. No one will be allowed to step out even for grocery or medicine. The government will ensure doorstep delivery of food, medicine and other essential items. Media is also not allowed to enter the hotspot areas.
What is allowed in a Covid hotspot area?
The govt will ensure rigorous door-to-door monitoring to contain the spread of coronavirus. People can order doorstep delivery of grocery and other essential items. Ambulances with special permission are allowed to enter or exit the hotspot area in case of medical emergency. The govt will also do sanitisation of the hotspot areas.
Amid the unabated spike in the number of fresh cases and deaths due to coronavirus in India, districts have been classified into hotspots (red zones), non-hotspots and green zones. The Health Ministry has declared 170 hotspots — 123 hotspot districts with large outbreaks and 47 hotspot districts with clusters — in 25 states and Union territories.
Districts witnessing high number of cases or high growth rate of infections are being marked as hotspots; districts where some cases have been found as non-hotspots; and those which have reported no cases as green zones.
The list released by the Centre has marked as “large outbreaks” all nine districts of Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, nine districts of Bengaluru Urban, Hyderabad, Chennai, Jaipur and Agra among others.
Lockdown 2.0 Guidelines: Agri, industries in rural areas allowed from April 20; no train, air travel till May 3
Districts or cities contributing to more than 80 per cent of the cases in the country or the state will be classified as hotspots (red zone). Places that show a high rate of infection — doubling rate less than 4 days – will also be in this category.
All six metros – Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru and Hyderabad – currently have a high number of cases.
Apart from the 123 hotspots, 47 districts have been marked under “cluster outbreaks” – ones where the virus spreads in clusters, over 15 cases are reported and the infection shows no sign of stopping.
Furthermore, 207 districts have been identified as potential hotspots – where there have been cases, but the numbers were limited.
“Containment operation would be deemed over when there is no case reported in 28 days from an area after last case tests negative. Hotspots (designated red zones) will be assumed to be undertaking effective containment activities, if no case is reported in next 14 days (designated orange zones) will be deemed successful in containment, if no case is reported for 28 days (designated green zones),” Union Health Secretary Preeti Sudan said.
“It is requested that states should utilize the extended lockdown period to the maximum extent to convert the hotspots (red) to orange and in turn green zones,” she said.
Hotspots districts with large outbreaks include 22 districts from Tamil Nadu, 11 each from Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan, nine from Uttar Pradesh, eight from Telenhana, six from Kerela, five from Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat, four from West Bengal and three from Karanataka.
Here is the complete list of coronavirus red zones with ‘large outbreaks’:
Andhra Pradesh: Kurnool, Guntur, Spsr Nellore, Prakasam, Krishna, YSR, West Godavari, Chittoor, Visakhapattanam, East Godavari, Anantpur
Delhi: South Delhi, Shahdara, South East Delhi, West Delhi, North Delhi, Central Delhi, East Delhi, New Delhi, South West Delhi
Gujarat: Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Bhavnagar, Rajkot
Haryana: Nuh, Gurgaon, Faridabad, Palwal
Jammu and Kashmir: Srinagar, Bandipora, Baramulla, Jammu, Udhampur, Kupwara
Karnataka: Bengaluru Urban, Mysuru, Belagavi
Kerala: Kasargod, Kannur, Eranakulam, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Pathanamthitta
Madhya Pradesh: Indore, Bhopal, Khargone, Ujjain, Hoshangabad
Maharashtra: Mumbai, Pune, Thane, Nagpur, Sangli, Ahmednagar, Yawatmal, Aurangabad, Buldhana, Mumbai suburban, Nasik
Punjab: Sasnagar, SBS Nagar, Jalandhar, Pathankot
Rajasthan: Jaipur, Tonk, Jodhpur, Banswara, Kota, Jhunjhnu, Bhilwara, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Jhalawar, Bharatpur
Tamil Nadu: Chennai, Tiruchirapalli, Coimbatore, Erode, Tirunelveli, Dindigul, Villupuram, Namakkal, Theni, Chengalpattu, Tiruppur, Vellore, Madurai, Tutiporin, Karur, Virudhnagar, Kanniyakumari, Cuddalore, Thiruvallur, Thivarur, Salem, Nagapattinam
Telangana: Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Warangal urban, Ranga Reddy, Jogulambagadwal, Medchal Malkajgiri, Karimnagar, Nirmal
Uttar Pradesh: Agra, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Meerut, Lucknow, Ghaziabad, Saharanpur, Shamli, Firozabad, Moradabad
West Bengal: Kolkata, Howrah, Purba Mednipur, 24 Paragana North
Here is the complete list of coronavirus red zones with ‘cluster outbreaks’:
Andaman and Nicobar: South Andamans
Assam: Golaghat, Marigaon, Nalbari, Goal Para, Dhubri
Bihar: Munger, Begusarai, Gaya
Delhi: North West Delhi
Haryana: Ambala, Karnal
Himachal Pradesh: Solan, Una, Sirmaur, Chamba, Kangra
Jammu and Kashmir: Shopian, Rajouri
Jharkhand: Ranchi, Bokaro
Karnataka: Dakshina Kannada, Bidar, Kalaburagi, Bagalkote, Dharwad
Madhya Pradesh: Morena
Maharashtra: Kolhapur, Amravati, Palghar
Punjab: Mansa, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Moga
Uttar Pradesh: Bulandshahr, Sitapur, Basti, Baghpat
Uttarakhand: Nainital, Udham Singh Nagar
Data based on 17th April,2020